(Marijuana seeds) grow guides
Growing marijuana indoors is fast becoming an American Pastime. The reasons
are varied. With the increased interest and experimentation in house plant
cultivation, it was inevitable that people would apply their knowledge of
plant care to growing marijuana. Many of those who occasionally like to
light up a joint may find it difficult to locate a source or are hesitant
to deal with a perhaps unsavory element of society in procuring their grass.
There is, of course, the criminal aspect of buying or selling grass; Growing
marijuana is just as illegal as buying, selling, or smoking it, but growing
is something you can do in the privacy of your own home without having to
deal with someone you don't know or trust. The best reason for growing your
own is the enjoyment you will get out of watching those tiny little seeds
you picked out of you stash sprout and become some of the most lovely and
lush of all house plants.
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Ceres Seeds - White Indica
KC Brains Seeds - KC39
Greenhouse Seeds - Big Bang (Feminised)
Greenhouse Seeds - The Church (Feminised)
Greenhouse Seeds - TrainWreck (Feminised)
The Joint Doctor's Seeds - Lowryder Automatic
Anyone Can Do It
Even if you haven't had any prior experience with growing plants in you
home, you can have a successful crop of marijuana by following the simple
directions in this pamphlet. If you have had problems in the past with marijuana
cultivation, you may find the solutions in the following chapters. Growing
a marijuana plant involves four basic steps:
- Get the seeds. If you don't already have some, you can ask your friends
to save you seeds out of any good grass they may come across. You'll
find that lots of people already have a seed collection of some sort
and are willing to part with a few prime seeds in exchange for some
of the finished product.
- Germinate the seeds. You can simply drop a seed into moist soil, but
by germinating the seeds first you can be sure that the seed will indeed
produce a plant. To germinate seeds, place a group of them between about
six moist paper towels, or in the pores of a moist sponge. Leave the
towels or sponge moist but not soaking wet. Some seeds will germinate
in 24 hours while others may take several days or even a week.
- Plant the sprouts. As soon as a seed cracks open and begins to sprout,
place it on some moist soil and sprinkle a little soil over the top
- Supply the plants with light. Fluorescent lights are the best. Hang
the lights with two inches of the soil and after the plants appear above
the ground, continue to keep the lights with two inches of the plants.
It is as easy as that. If you follow those four steps you will grow
a marijuana plant. To ensure prime quality and the highest yield in
the shortest time period, however, a few details are necessary.
Your prime concern, after choosing high quality seeds, is the soil. Use
the best soil you can get. Scrimping on the soil doesn't pay off in the
long run. If you use unsterilized soil you will almost certainly find parasites
in it, probably after it is too late to transplant your marijuana. You can
find excellent soil for sale at your local plant shop or nursery, K-Mart,
Wal Mart, and even some grocery stores. The soil you use should have these
properties for the best possible results:
If you want to make your own soil mixture, you can use this recipe: Mix
two parts moss with one part sand and one part pearlite or sponge rock to
each four gallons of soil. Test your soil for pH with litmus paper or with
a soil testing kit available at most plant stores. To raise the pH of the
soil, add 1/2 lb. lime to 1 cubic foot of soil to raise the pH one point.
If you absolutely insist on using dirt you dug up from your driveway, you
must sterilize it by baking it in your oven for about an hour at 250 degrees.
Be sure to moisten it thoroughly first and also prepare yourself for a rapid
evacuation of your kitchen because that hot soil is going to stink. Now
add to the mixture about one tablespoon of fertilizer (like Rapid-Gro) per
gallon gallon of soil and blend it in thoroughly. Better yet, just skip
the whole process and spend a couple bucks on some soil.
- It should drain well. That is, it should have some sand in it and
also some sponge rock or pearlite.
- The pH should be between 6.5 and 7.5 since marijuana does not do well
in acidic soil. High acidity in soil encourages the plant to be predominantly
male, an undesirable trait.
- The soil should also contain humus for retaining moisture and nutrients.
After you have prepared your soil, you will have to come up with some kind
of container to plant in. The container should be sterilized as well, especially
if they have been used previously for growing other plants. The size of
the container has a great deal to do with the rate of growth and overall
size of the plant. You should plan on transplanting your plant not more
than one time, since the process of transplanting can be a shock to the
plant and it will have to undergo a recovery period in which growth is slowed
or even stopped for a short while. The first container you use should be
no larger than six inches in diameter and can be made of clay or plastic.
To transplant, simply prepare the larger pot by filling it with soil and
scooping out a little hole about the size of the smaller pot that the plant
is in. Turn the plant upside down, pot and all, and tap the rim of the pot
sharply on a counter or the edge of the sink. The soil and root ball should
come out of the pot cleanly with the soil retaining the shape of the pot
and with no disturbances to the root ball. Another method that can bypass
the transplanting problem is using a Jiffy-Pot. Jiffy pots are made of compressed
peat moss and can be planted right into moist soil where they decompose
and allow the passage of the root system through their walls. The second
container should have a volume of at least three gallons. Marijuana doesn't
like to have its roots bound or cramped for space, so always be sure that
the container you use will be deep enough for your plant's root system.
It is very difficult to transplant a five-foot marijuana tree, so plan ahead.
It is going to get bigger. The small plants should be ready to transplant
into their permanent homes in about two weeks. Keep a close watch on them
after the first week or so and avoid root binding at all costs since the
plants never seem to do as well once they have been stunted by the cramping
of their roots.
Marijuana likes lots of food, but you can do damage to the plants if you
are too zealous. Some fertilizers can burn a plant and damage its roots
if used in to high a concentration. Most commercial soil will have enough
nutrients in it to sustain the plant for about three weeks of growth so
you don't need to worry about feeding your plant until the end of the third
week. The most important thing to remember is to introduce the fertilizer
concentration to the plant gradually. Start with a fairly diluted fertilizer
solution and gradually increase the dosage. There are several good marijuana
fertilizers on the commercial market, two of which are Rapid-Gro and Eco-Grow.
Rapid-Gro has had widespread use in marijuana cultivation and is available
in most parts of the United States. Eco-Grow is also especially good for
marijuana since it contains an ingredient that keeps the soil from becoming
acid. Most fertilizers cause a pH change in the soil. Adding fertilizer
to the soil almost always results in a more acidic pH.
As time goes on, the amount of salts produced by the breakdown of fertilizers
in the soil causes the soil to become increasingly acidic and eventually
the concentration of these salts in the soil will stunt the plant and
cause browning out of the foliage. Also, as the plant gets older its roots
become less effective in bringing food to the leaves. To avoid the accumulation
of these salts in your soil and to ensure that your plant is getting all
of the food it needs you can begin leaf feeding your plant at the age
of about 1.5 months. Dissolve the fertilizer in worm water and spray the
mixture directly onto the foliage. The leaves absorb the fertilizer into
their veins. If you want to continue to put fertilizer into the soil as
well as leaf feeding, be sure not to overdose your plants.
Remember to increase the amount of food your plant receives gradually.
Marijuana seems to be able to take as much fertilizer as you want to give
it as long as it is introduced over a period of time. During the first
three months or so, fertilize your plants every few days. As the rate
of foliage growth slows down in the plant's preparation for blooming and
seed production, the fertilizer intake of the plant should be slowed down
as well. Never fertilize the plant just before you are going to harvest
it since the fertilizer will encourage foliage production and slow down
resin production. A word here about the most organic of fertilizers: worm
castings. As you may know, worms are raised commercially for sale to gardeners.
The breeders put the worms in organic compost mixtures and while the worms
are reproducing they eat the organic matter and expel some of the best
marijuana food around. After the worms have eaten all the organic matter
in the compost, they are removed and sold and the remains are then sold
as worm castings. These castings are so rich that you can grow marijuana
in straight worm castings. This isn't really necessary however, and it
is somewhat impractical since the castings are very expensive. If you
can afford them you can, however, blend them in with your soil and they
will make a very good organic fertilizer.
Without light, the plants cannot grow. In the countries in which marijuana
grows best, the sun is the source of light. The amount of light and the
length of the growing season in these countries results in huge treelike
plants. In most parts of North America, however, the sun is not generally
intense enough for long enough periods of time to produce the same size
and quality of plants that grow with ease in Latin America and other tropical
countries. The answer to the problem of lack of sun, especially in the winter
months, shortness of the growing season, and other problems is to grow indoor
under simulated conditions. The rule of thumb seems to be the more light,
the better. In one experiment we know of, eight eight-foot VHO Gro-Lux fixtures
were used over eight plants. The plants grew at an astonishing rate. The
lights had to be raised every day. There are many types of artificial light
and all of them do different things to your plants. The common incandescent
light bulb emits some of the frequencies of light the plant can use, but
it also emits a high percentage of far red and infra-red light which cause
the plant to concentrate its growth on the stem. This results in the plant
stretching toward the light bulb until it becomes so tall and spindly that
it just weakly topples over. There are several brands of bulb type. One
is the incandescent plant spot light which emits higher amounts of red and
blue light than the common light bulb. It is an improvement, but has it
drawbacks. It is hot, for example, and cannot be placed close to the plants.
Consequently, the plant has to stretch upwards again and is in danger of
becoming elongated and falling over. The red bands of light seem to encourage
stem growth which is not desirable in growing marijuana. The idea is to
encourage foliage growth for obvious reasons. Gro-Lux lights are probably
the most common fluorescent plant lights. In our experience with them, they
have proven themselves to be extremely effective. They range in size from
one to eight feet in length so you can set up a growing room in a closet
or a warehouse. There are two types of Gro-Lux lights: The standard and
the wide spectrum. They can be used in conjunction with on another, but
the wide spectrum lights are not sufficient on their own. The wide spectrum
lights were designed as a supplementary light source and are cheaper than
the standard lights. Wide spectrum lights emit the same bands of light as
the standard but the standard emit higher concentrations of red and blue
bands that the plants need to grow. The wide spectrum lights also emit infra-red,
the effect of which on stem growth we have already discussed. If you are
planning to grow on a large scale, you might be interested to know that
the regular fluorescent lamps and fixtures, the type that are used in commercial
lighting, work well when used along with standard Gro- Lux lights. These
commercial lights are called cool whites, and are the cheapest of the fluorescent
lights we have mentioned. They emit as much blue light as the Gro-Lux standards
and the blue light is what the plants use in foliage growth.
Now we come to the question of intensity. Both the standard and wide
spectrum lamps come in three intensities: regular output, high output,
and very high output. You can grow a nice crop of plants under the regular
output lamps and probably be quite satisfied with our results. The difference
in using the HO or VHO lamps is the time it takes to grow a crop. Under
a VHO lamp, the plants grow at a rate that is about three times the rate
at which they grow under the standard lamps. People have been known to
get a plant that is four feet tall in two months under one of these lights.
Under the VHO lights, one may have to raise the lights every day which
means a growth rate of ate least two inches a day. The only drawback is
the expense of the VHO lamps and fixtures. The VHO lamps and fixtures
are almost twice the price of the standard. If you are interested in our
opinion, they are well worth it. Now that you have your lights up, you
might be curious about the amount of light to give you plants per day.
The maturation date of your plants is dependent on how much light they
receive per day. The longer the dark period per day, the sooner the plant
will bloom. Generally speaking, the less dark per day the better during
the first six months of the plant's life. The older the plant is before
it blooms and goes to seed, the better the grass will be. After the plant
is allowed to bloom, its metabolic rate is slowed so that the plant's
quality does not increase with the age at the same rate it did before
it bloomed. The idea, then, is to let the plant get as old as possible
before allowing it to mature so that the potency will be a high as possible
at the time of harvest. One relatively sure way to keep your plants from
blooming until you are ready for them is to leave the lights on all the
time. Occasionally a plant will go ahead and bloom anyway, but it is the
exception rather than the rule. If your plants receive 12 hours of light
per day they will probably mature in 2 to 2.5 months. If they get 16 hours
of light per day they will probably be blooming in 3.5 to 4 months. With
18 hours of light per day, they will flower in 4.5 to 5 months. Its a
good idea to put your lights on a timer to ensure that the amount of light
received each day remains constant. A "vacation" timer, normally used
to make it look like you are home while you are away, works nicely and
can be found at most hardware or discount stores.
Energy Emissions In Arbitrary Color Bands 40 Watt Fluorescent
In Watts and Percent of Total Emissions
The ideal temperature for the light hours is 68 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit
and for the dark hours there should be about a 15 degree drop in temperature.
The growing room should be relatively dry if possible. What you want is
a resinous coating on the leaves and to get the plant to do this, you must
convince it that it needs the resinous coating on its leaves to protect
itself from drying out. In an extremely humid room, the plants develop wide
leaves and do not produce as much resin. You must take care not to let the
temperature in a dry room become too hot, however, since the plant cannot
assimilate water fast enough through its roots and its foliage will begin
to brown out.
Proper ventilation in your growing room is fairly important. The more plants
you have in one room, the more important good ventilation becomes. Plants
breathe through their leaves. The also rid themselves of poisons through
their leaves. If proper ventilation is not maintained, the pores of the
leaves will become clogged and the leaves will die. If there is a free movement
of air, the poisons can evaporate off the leaves and the plant can breathe
and remain healthy.
In a small closet where there are only a few plants you can probably
create enough air circulation just by opening the door to look at them.
Although it is possible to grow healthy looking plants in poorly ventilated
rooms, they would be larger and healthier if they had a fresh supply of
air coming in. If you spend a lot of time in your growing room, your plants
will grow better because they will be using the carbon dioxide that you
are exhaling around them. It is sometimes quite difficult to get a fresh
supply of air in to your growing room because your room is usually hidden
away in a secret corner of your house, possibly in the attic or basement.
In this case, a fan will create some movement of air. It will also stimulate
your plants into growing a healthier and sturdier stalk. Often times in
an indoor environment, the stems of plants fail to become rigid because
they don't have to cope with elements of wind and rain. To a degree, though,
this is an advantage because the plant puts most of its energy into producing
leaves and resin instead of stems.
Cannabis that grows in a hot, dry climate will have narrower leaves than
cannabis grown in a humid atmosphere. The reason is that in a dry atmosphere
the plant can respire easier because the moisture on the leaves evaporates
faster. In a humid atmosphere, the moisture cannot evaporate as fast. Consequently,
the leaves have to be broader with more surface area in order to expel the
wastes that the plant put out. Since the broad leaves produce less resin
per leaf than the narrow there will be more resin in an ounce of narrow
leaves than in one ounce of broad leaves. There may be more leaf mass in
the broader leafed plants, but most people are growing their own for quality
rather than quantity.
Since the resin in the marijuana plant serves the purpose of keeping
the leaves from drying out, there is more apt to be a lot of resin produced
in a dry room than in a humid one. In the Sears catalog, dehumidifiers
cost around $100.00 and are therefore a bit impractical for the "hobby
If you live near a clear mountain stream, you can skip this bit on the quality
of water. Most of us are supplied water by the city and some cities add
more chemicals to the water than others. They all add chlorine, however,
in varying quantities. Humans over the years have learned to either get
rid of it somehow or to live with it, but your marijuana plants won't have
time to acquire a taste for it so you had better see that they don't have
to. Chlorine will evaporate if you let the water stand for 24 hours in an
open container. Letting the water stand for a day or two will serve a dual
purpose: The water will come to room temperature during that period of time
and you can avoid the nasty shock your plants suffer when you drench them
with cold water. Always water with room temperature to lukewarm water. If
your water has an excessive amount of chlorine in it, you may want to get
some anti- chlorine drops at the local fish or pet store. The most important
thing about watering is to do it thoroughly. You can water a plant in a
three gallon container with as much as three quarts of water. The idea is
to get the soil evenly moist all the way to the bottom of the pot. If you
use a little water, even if you do it often, it seeps just a short way down
into the soil and any roots below the moist soil will start to turn upwards
toward the water. The second most important thing about watering is to see
to it that the pot has good drainage. There should be some holes in the
bottom so that any excess water will run out. If the pot won't drain, the
excess water will accumulate in a pocket and rot the roots of the plant
or simply make the soil sour or mildew. The soil, as we said earlier, must
allow the water to drain evenly through it and must not become hard or packed.
If you have made sure that the soil contains sand and pearlite, you shouldn't
have drainage problems. To discover when to water, feel the soil with your
finger. If you feel moisture in the soil, you can wait a day or two to water.
The soil near the top of the pot is always drier than the soil further down.
You can drown your plant just as easily as you can let it get too dry and
it is more likely to survive a dry spell than it is to survive a torrential
flood. Water the plants well when you water and don't water them at all
when they don't need it.
If you can avoid getting bugs in the first place you will be much better
off. Once your plants become infested you will probably be fighting bugs
for the rest of your plants' lives. To avoid bugs be sure to use sterilized
soil and containers and don't bring other plants from outside into your
growing room. If you have bets, ensure that they stay out of your growing
room, since they can bring in pests on their fur. Examine your plants regularly
for signs of insects, spots, holes in the leaves, browning of the tips of
the leaves, and droopy branches. If you find that somehow in spite of all
your precautions you have a plant room full of bugs, you'll have to spray
your plants with some kind of insecticide. You'll want to use something
that will kill the bugs and not you. Spider mites are probably the bug that
will do the most damage to the marijuana plants. One of the reasons is that
they are almost microscopic and very hard to spot. They are called spider
mites because they leave a web-like substance clinging to the leaves. They
also cause tiny little spots to appear on the leaves. Probably the first
thing you'll notice, however, is that your plants look sick and depressed.
The mites suck enzymes from the leaves and as a result the leaves lose some
of their green color and glossiness. Sometimes the leaves look like they
have some kid of fungus on them. The eggs are very tiny black dots. You
might be wise to get a magnifying glass so that you can really scrutinize
your plants closely. Be sure to examine the underside of the leaves too.
The mites will often be found clinging to the underside as well as the top
of the leaves. The sooner you start fighting the bugs, the easier it will
be to get rid of them. For killing spider mites on marijuana, one of the
best insecticides if "Fruit and Berry" spray made by Millers. Ortho also
produces several insecticides that will kill mites. The ingredients to look
for are Kelthane and Malathion http://www.ncchem.com/malathion.htm [erowid
note- Malathion may be very toxic to humans, should be handled very carefully,
and is certainly not intended for indoor use. It also seems highly preferable
to avoid spraying pesticides or any chemicals on plants that will be smoked
without being washed thoroughly first.] Both of these poisons are lethal
to humans and pets as well as bugs, but they both detoxify in about ten
days so you can safely smoke the grass ten days after spraying. Fruit and
Berry will only kill the adult mite, however, and you'll have to spray every
four days for about two weeks to be sure that you have killed all the adults
before they have had a chance to lay eggs. Keep a close watch on your plants
because it only takes one egg laying adult to re- infest your plants and
chances are that one or two will escape your barrage of insecticides. If
you see little bugs flying around your plants, they are probably white flies.
The adults are immune to almost all the commercial insecticides except Fruit
and Berry which will not kill the eggs or larva. It is the larval stage
of this insect that does the most damage. They suck out enzymes too, and
kill your plants if they go unchecked. You will have to get on a spraying
program just as was explained in the spider mite section.
An organic method of bug control is using soap suds. Put Ivory flakes
in some lukewarm water and work up the suds into a lather. Then put the
suds over the plant. The obvious disadvantage is it you don't rinse the
soap off the plant you'll taste the soap when you smoke the leaves.
We have found that pruning is not always necessary. The reason one does
it in the first place is to encourage secondary growth and to allow light
to reach the immature leaves. Some strands of grass just naturally grow
thick and bushy and if they are not clipped the sap moves in an uninterrupted
flow right to the top of the plant where it produces flowers that are thick
with resin. On the other hand, if your plants appear tall and spindly for
their age at three weeks, they probably require a little trimming to ensure
a nice full leafy plant. At three weeks of age your plant should have at
least two sets of branches or four leaf clusters and a top. To prune the
plant, simply slice the top off just about the place where two branches
oppose each other. Use a razor blade in a straight cut. If you want to,
you can root the top in some water and when the roots appear, plant the
top in moist soil and it should grow into another plant. If you are going
to root the top you should cut the end again, this time with a diagonal
cut so as to expose more surface to the water or rooting solution. The advantage
to taking cuttings from your plant is that it produces more tops. The tops
have the resin, and that's the name of the game. Every time you cut off
a top, the plant seeds out two more top branches at the base of the existing
branches. Pruning also encourages the branches underneath to grow faster
than they normally would without the top having been cut.
Well, now that you've grown your marijuana, you will want to cur it right
so that it smokes clean and won't bite. You can avoid that "homegrown" taste
of chlorophyll that sometimes makes one's fillings taste like they might
be dissolving. We know of several methods of curing the marijuana so that
it will have a mild flavor and a mellow rather than harsh smoke.
First, pull the plant up roots and all and hang it upside down for 24
hours. Then put each plant in a paper grocery bag with the top open for
three or four days or until the leaves feel dry to the touch. Now strip
the leaves off the stem and put them in a glass jar with a lid. Don't
pack the leaves in tightly, you want air to reach all the leaves. The
main danger in the curing process is mold. If the leaves are too damp
when you put them into the jar, they will mold and since the mold will
destroy the resins, mold will ruin your marijuana. You should check the
jars every day by smelling them and if you smell an acrid aroma, take
the weed out of the jar and spread it out on newspaper so that it can
dry quickly. Another method is to uproot the plants and hang them upside
down. You get some burlap bags damp and slip them up over the plants.
Keep the bags damp and leave them in the sun for at least a week. Now
put the plants in a paper bag for a few days until the weed is dry enough
to smoke. Like many fine things in life, marijuana mellows out with age.
The aging process tends to remove the chlorophyll taste. Editor's Note
and Important Warning:
This pamphlet was written about 8 years ago. While the facts, figures,
and methods described here are still valid, an important note must be
added concerning the purchasing of equipment and supplies. The information
age is upon us and and increasing amount of data is being kept about all
of us whether we realize it or not. With the war on drugs in full effect,
the D.E.A. is using this information at every possible opportunity.
When you make a purchase with a credit card, every last bit of information
regarding that purchase is filed away into a database, both at the store
and with your credit card company. Not only the price, but the exact date,
location, and items purchased are recorded and stored away. Many stores
and credit card companies routinely sell their databases of customers
and transactions to anybody who can afford it. The D.E.A can certainly
afford it. After all, they're using your tax dollars.
The D.E.A. as well as other government agencies DO purchase these databases
for their own uses. They feed them into their computers and the computers
spit out a list of anybody with "suspicious" purchases. Any purchases
that could be associated with drug production, use, or selling could be
flagged for further investigation. These "suspicious" purchases include
unusual chemicals, medical supplies such as syringes, lights and timers,
and even potting soil and fertilizer.
The point is, if you are planning on purchasing supplies to grow marijuana
don't take any chances. While the average home grower, who is simply growing
enough for his own use, would probably never be flagged by the computers,
you never know. If you are purchasing equipment or supplies, PAY CASH!
In addition, many supermarkets and discount stores now have some sort
of "Preferred Customer" cards. When you buy something, regardless of how
you pay, you give them your card to scan and all of your purchases are
recorded. They then send you some sort of coupon depending on what and
how much you purchased each month. It sounds like a good deal, but you
wind up having all of your purchases recorded and sold just like with
the credit cards. DON'T use one of these cards when you are purchasing
anything that might be deemed suspicious. For that matter, don't use them
at all. They just result in a ton of junk mail and a lot of people knowing
exactly what you buy and when you buy it.